Press Release

MAA Reports Fourth Quarter And Full Year Results

Company Release - 2/2/2022

GERMANTOWN, Tenn., Feb. 2, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc., or MAA (NYSE: MAA), today announced operating results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2021.

Fourth quarter 2021 Operating Results


Three months ended December 31,



Year ended December 31,




2021



2020



2021



2020


Earnings per common share - diluted


$

1.60



$

0.72



$

4.61



$

2.19















Funds from operations (FFO) per Share - diluted


$

2.01



$

1.80



$

7.20



$

6.46















Core FFO per Share - diluted


$

1.90



$

1.65



$

7.01



$

6.43


A reconciliation of FFO and Core FFO to net income available for MAA common shareholders and an expanded discussion of the components of FFO and Core FFO can be found later in this release. FFO per Share – diluted and Core FFO per Share –diluted include diluted common shares and units. 

Eric Bolton, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, said, "Results for the fourth quarter were ahead of expectations with strong rent growth and high occupancy. The demand for apartment housing across our markets continues to accelerate. We are carrying strong pricing momentum into 2022 and expect leasing conditions in the coming year will remain very favorable. Several new technology initiatives along with significant redevelopment opportunities will further support revenue growth and margin expansion in the coming year. Our new development pipeline is also growing with several new projects scheduled to get underway in 2022. MAA is well positioned for another year of strong performance."

Fourth quarter 2021 Highlights

  • Property revenues from the Same Store Portfolio increased 9.3% during the fourth quarter of 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior year, ahead of expectations. That increase was primarily driven by a 10.1% growth in Average Effective Rent per Unit for the Same Store Portfolio.
  • Property operating expenses for the Same Store Portfolio increased 4.6% during the fourth quarter of 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior year, in line with expectations.
  • Net Operating Income (NOI) from the Same Store Portfolio increased 12.1% during the fourth quarter of 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior year.
  • Resident turnover remained low as resident move outs within the Same Store Portfolio represented 45.2% of expiring leases on a rolling twelve month basis as of the end of the fourth quarter of 2021 .
  • During the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA closed on the disposition of two Savannah, Georgia multifamily communities and one Charlotte, North Carolina multifamily community for combined gross proceeds of approximately $125 million, resulting in combined gain on the sale of depreciable real estate assets of approximately $86 million.
  • As of the end of the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA had six communities under development, representing 2,021 units once complete, with a total projected cost of $460.5 million and an estimated $186.8 million remaining to be funded.
  • During the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA completed the construction of two development communities, Sand Lake and MAA Robinson, both located in the Orlando, Florida market.
  • As of the end of the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA had three recently completed development communities in lease-up. One community is expected to stabilize in the first quarter of 2022, one in the third quarter of 2022 and one in the first quarter of 2023.
  • MAA completed redevelopment of 1,368 apartment homes during the fourth quarter of 2021, capturing average rental rate increases of approximately 12% above non-renovated units.
  • Standard and Poor's Rating Services affirmed MAA's long-term debt rating as BBB+ and revised their outlook from Stable to Positive.

Same Store Portfolio Operating Results
To ensure comparable reporting with prior periods, the Same Store Portfolio includes properties that were owned by MAA and stabilized at the beginning of the previous year.

The Same Store Portfolio revenue growth of 9.3% during the fourth quarter of 2021 was primarily a result of a 10.1% increase in Average Effective Rent per Unit, as compared to the same period in the prior year. Average Physical Occupancy for the Same Store Portfolio was 96.0% for the fourth quarter of 2021, as compared to 95.7% for the same period in the prior year. Same Store Portfolio lease pricing for leases effective during the fourth quarter of 2021, as compared to the prior lease, increased 17.6% for leases to new move-in residents and increased 14.4% for renewing leases, which produced an increase of 16.0% for both new and renewing leases on a blended basis. Strong pricing and occupancy trends for the Same Store Portfolio continued through the month ended January 31, 2022 with average blended lease pricing of 16.3% and Average Physical Occupancy of 95.9%. Property operating expenses for the Same Store Portfolio increased 4.6% for the fourth quarter of 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior year. Growth in insurance expense and building repair and maintenance costs contributed to the increase. These changes resulted in a Same Store NOI increase of 12.1% for the fourth quarter of 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior year. 

The Same Store Portfolio revenue growth of 5.5% during the year ended December 31, 2021 was primarily a result of a 5.2% increase in Average Effective Rent per Unit, as compared to the prior year. Average Physical Occupancy for the Same Store Portfolio was 96.1% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 95.6% for the prior year. Same Store Portfolio lease pricing for leases effective during the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the prior lease, increased 11.8% for leases to new move-in residents and increased 9.7% for renewing leases, which produced an increase of 10.7% for both new and renewing leases on a blended basis. Property operating expenses for the Same Store Portfolio increased 4.4% for the year ended December 31, 2021 as compared to the prior year. Growth in insurance expense and building repair and maintenance costs contributed to the increase. These changes resulted in a Same Store NOI increase of 6.2% for the year ended December 31, 2021 as compared to the prior year. 

A reconciliation of NOI, including Same Store NOI, to net income available for MAA common shareholders, and an expanded discussion of the components of NOI, can be found later in this release.

Acquisition and Disposition Activity
In November 2021, MAA closed on the disposition of two Savannah, Georgia multifamily communities totaling 382 units and a 282 unit multifamily community in Charlotte, North Carolina. MAA received combined gross proceeds of approximately $125 million and recognized combined gain on the sale of depreciable real estate assets of approximately $86 million. The combined gross proceeds received from the disposition of seven multifamily communities for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $285 million and resulted in combined gain on the sale of depreciable real estate assets of $220.4 million.

During the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA closed on the disposition of two land parcels totaling 14 acres located in the Phoenix, Arizona market and one land parcel totaling 118 acres located in the Gulf Shores, Alabama market for combined gross proceeds of $11.7 million, resulting in gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets of $0.6 million.

Development and Lease-up Activity
As of the end of the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA had six development communities under construction. MAA expects to complete construction of three of these development communities in 2022 and three in 2023. Total development costs for the six communities are projected to be $460.5 million, of which an estimated $186.8 million remained to be funded as of the end of the fourth quarter of 2021. The expected average stabilized NOI yield on these communities is 5.9%. During the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA funded $51.8 million of costs for current and future projects, including predevelopment activities related to land parcels located in the Denver, Colorado market and the Tampa, Florida market.

As of the end of the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA had three multifamily communities, representing a total of 978 units, in lease-up: Sand Lake and MAA Robinson, both located in the Orlando, Florida market; and Novel Midtown, located in the Phoenix, Arizona market. Physical occupancy for these lease-up communities averaged 68.0% at the end of the fourth quarter of 2021.

Property Redevelopment and Repositioning Activity
MAA continued its interior redevelopment program at select apartment communities throughout the portfolio. During the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA redeveloped the interior of 1,368 units, bringing the total renovated units during the year ended December 31, 2021 to 6,360 at an average cost of $5,893 per unit, achieving average rental rate increases of approximately 12% above non-renovated units.

MAA continued its Smart Home technology initiative (unit entry locks, mobile control of lights and thermostat and leak monitoring) at select apartment communities. During the year ended December 31, 2021, 23,579 units were installed at an average cost of $1,395 per unit and a projected average rental rate increase of approximately $25 per unit upon lease renewal or unit turnover. As of December 31, 2021, MAA had completed installation of the Smart Home technology in nearly 48,000 units across its apartment community portfolio since the initiative began. 

During the fourth quarter of 2021, MAA continued its property repositioning program to upgrade and reposition the amenity and common areas at select apartment communities. The program includes targeted plans to move all units at the properties to higher rents that are expected to deliver yields on cost averaging 8%. During the year ended December 31, 2021, work was completed on eight properties selected for this program in 2020. MAA began construction on similar repositioning projects at eight additional properties during 2021 with work expected to continue in 2022. For the year ended December 31, 2021, MAA spent $9.2 million on this program.

Capital Expenditures
Recurring capital expenditures totaled $19.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2021, or approximately $0.16 per diluted common share and unit (Share), as compared to $21.0 million, or $0.18 per Share, for the same period in the prior year. These expenditures led to Core Adjusted Funds from Operations (Core AFFO) of $1.74 per Share for the fourth quarter of 2021, compared to $1.47 per Share for the same period in the prior year.

Redevelopment, revenue enhancing, commercial and other capital expenditures during the fourth quarter of 2021 were $51.8 million, as compared to $65.6 million for the same period in the prior year. These expenditures led to Funds Available for Distribution (FAD) of $154.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2021, compared to $108.9 million for the same period in the prior year.

Recurring capital expenditures totaled $81.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, or approximately $0.69 per Share, as compared to $80.4 million, or $0.68 per Share, for the prior year. These expenditures led to Core AFFO of $6.32 per Share for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to $5.75 per Share for the prior year.

Redevelopment, revenue enhancing, commercial and other capital expenditures during the year ended December 31, 2021 were $198.5 million, as compared to $145.1 million for the prior year. The increase was primarily driven by capital spend totaling $41.7 million related to winter storm Uri, the majority of which is expected to be reimbursed through insurance proceeds. These expenditures led to FAD of $551.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to $535.8 million for the prior year.

A reconciliation of FFO, Core FFO, Core AFFO and FAD to net income available for MAA common shareholders, and an expanded discussion of the components of FFO, Core FFO, Core AFFO and FAD can be found later in this release.

Financing Activities
As of December 31, 2021, MAA had $1.1 billion of combined cash and available capacity under MAALP's unsecured revolving credit facility. MAALP refers to Mid-America Apartments, L.P., which is MAA's operating partnership.

Dividends and distributions paid on shares of common stock and noncontrolling interests during the fourth quarter of 2021 were $121.5 million, as compared to $118.6 million for the same period in the prior year.

During the fourth quarter of 2021, Standard and Poor's Ratings Services affirmed our long-term debt rating as BBB+ and revised our outlook to Positive from Stable.

Balance Sheet
As of December 31, 2021:

  • Total debt to adjusted total assets (as defined in the covenants for the bonds issued by MAALP) was 29.8%;
  • Total debt outstanding was $4.5 billion with an average effective interest rate of approximately 3.4%;
  • 100.0% of total debt was fixed against rising interest rates for an average of approximately 8.7 years; and
  • Unencumbered NOI was 95.2% of total NOI.

112th Consecutive Quarterly Common Dividend Declared
MAA declared its 112th consecutive quarterly common dividend, which was paid on January 31, 2022 to holders of record on January 14, 2022. The current annual dividend rate is $4.35 per common share, an increase of 6.1% from the prior year's annual rate of $4.10.

2022 Earnings and Same Store Portfolio Guidance
MAA is providing initial 2022 guidance for Net income per diluted common share, Core FFO per Share and Core AFFO per Share, along with its expectations for growth of Property revenue, Property operating expense and NOI for the Same Store Portfolio in 2022. MAA expects to update its 2022 Net income per diluted common share, Core FFO per Share and Core AFFO per Share guidance on a quarterly basis.

FFO, Core FFO and Core AFFO are non-GAAP measures. Acquisition and disposition activity materially affects depreciation and capital gains or losses, which combined, generally represent the majority of the difference between Net income available for common shareholders and FFO. As discussed in the definitions of non-GAAP measures found later in this release, MAA's definition of FFO is in accordance with the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts', or NAREIT's, definition, and Core FFO represents FFO further adjusted for items that are not considered part of MAA's core business operations. MAA believes that Core FFO is helpful in understanding operating performance in that Core FFO excludes not only depreciation expense of real estate assets and certain other non-routine items, but it also excludes certain items that by their nature are not comparable over periods and therefore tend to obscure actual operating performance. 

Earnings:


Full Year 2022

Earnings per common share - diluted


$4.87 to $5.23

Midpoint


$5.05

Core FFO per Share - diluted


$7.74 to $8.10

Midpoint


$7.92

Core AFFO per Share - diluted


$6.95 to $7.31

Midpoint


$7.13




MAA Same Store Portfolio:



Property revenue growth


8.0% to 10.0%

Property operating expense growth


5.0% to 6.0%

NOI growth


10.0% to 12.0%

MAA expects Core FFO for the first quarter of 2022 to be in the range of $1.83 to $1.99 per Share, or $1.91 per Share at the midpoint. MAA does not forecast Net income per diluted share on a quarterly basis as MAA generally cannot predict the timing of forecasted acquisition and disposition activity within a particular quarter (rather than during the course of the full year). Additional details and guidance items are provided in the Supplemental Data to this release.

Supplemental Material and Conference Call
Supplemental data to this release can be found on the "For Investors" page of the MAA website at www.maac.com. MAA will host a conference call to further discuss fourth quarter results on February 3, 2022, at 9:00 AM Central Time. The conference call-in number is 877-830-2598. You may also join the live webcast of the conference call by accessing the "For Investors" page of the MAA website at www.maac.com. MAA's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) are filed under the registrant names of Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. and Mid-America Apartments, L.P.

About MAA
MAA, an S&P 500 company, is a real estate investment trust (REIT) focused on delivering full-cycle and superior investment performance for shareholders through the ownership, management, acquisition, development and redevelopment of quality apartment communities in the Southeast, Southwest, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. As of December 31, 2021, MAA had ownership interest in 101,607 apartment units, including communities currently in development, across 16 states and the District of Columbia. For further details, please visit the MAA website at www.maac.com or contact Investor Relations at investor.relations@maac.com, or via mail at MAA, 6815 Poplar Ave., Suite 500, Germantown, TN 38138, Attn: Investor Relations.

Forward-Looking Statements
Sections of this release contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, with respect to our expectations for future periods. Forward-looking statements do not discuss historical fact, but instead include statements related to expectations, projections, intentions or other items related to the future. Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding the potential impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on our business, statements regarding expected operating performance and results, property stabilizations, property acquisition and disposition activity, joint venture activity, development and renovation activity and other capital expenditures, and capital raising and financing activity, as well as lease pricing, revenue and expense growth, occupancy, interest rate and other economic expectations. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "forecasts," "projects," "assumes," "will," "may," "could," "should," "budget," "target," "outlook," "guidance" and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, as described below, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from the results of operations, financial conditions or plans expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate, and therefore such forward-looking statements included in this release may not prove to be accurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the results or conditions described in such statements or our objectives and plans will be achieved.

The following factors, among others, could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements:

  • the COVID-19 pandemic and measures taken or that may be taken by federal, state and local governmental authorities to combat the spread of the disease;
  • inability to generate sufficient cash flows due to unfavorable economic and market conditions, changes in supply and/or demand, competition, uninsured losses, changes in tax and housing laws, or other factors;
  • exposure to risks inherent in investments in a single industry and sector;
  • adverse changes in real estate markets, including, but not limited to, the extent of future demand for multifamily units in our significant markets, barriers of entry into new markets which we may seek to enter in the future, limitations on our ability to increase or collect rental rates, competition, our ability to identify and consummate attractive acquisitions or development projects on favorable terms, our ability to consummate any planned dispositions in a timely manner on acceptable terms, and our ability to reinvest sale proceeds in a manner that generates favorable returns;
  • failure of development communities to be completed within budget and on a timely basis, if at all, to lease-up as anticipated or to achieve anticipated results;
  • unexpected capital needs;
  • material changes in operating costs, including real estate taxes, utilities and insurance costs, due to inflation and other factors;
  • inability to obtain appropriate insurance coverage at reasonable rates, or at all, or losses from catastrophes in excess of our insurance coverage;
  • ability to obtain financing at favorable rates, if at all, or refinance existing debt as it matures;
  • level and volatility of interest or capitalization rates or capital market conditions;
  • the effect of any rating agency actions on the cost and availability of new debt financing;
  • the effect of the phase-out of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) as a variable rate debt benchmark and the transition to a different benchmark interest rate;
  • significant change in the mortgage financing market or other factors that would cause single-family housing or other alternative housing options, either as an owned or rental product, to become a more significant competitive product;
  • ability to continue to satisfy complex rules in order to maintain our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, the ability of MAALP to satisfy the rules to maintain its status as a partnership for federal income tax purposes, the ability of our taxable REIT subsidiaries to maintain their status as such for federal income tax purposes, and our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to operate effectively within the limitations imposed by these rules;
  • inability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
  • cyber liability or potential liability for breaches of our or our service providers' information technology systems, or business operations disruptions;
  • potential liability for environmental contamination;
  • changes in the legal requirements we are subject to, or the imposition of new legal requirements, that adversely affect our operations;
  • extreme weather, natural disasters, disease outbreaks and other public health events;
  • impact of climate change on our properties or operations;
  • legal proceedings or class action lawsuits;
  • impact of reputational harm caused by negative press or social media postings of our actions or policies, whether or not warranted;
  • compliance costs associated with numerous federal, state and local laws and regulations; and
  • other risks identified in this release and in reports we file with the SEC or in other documents that we publicly disseminate.

New factors may also emerge from time to time that could have a material adverse effect on our business. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise forward-looking statements contained in this release to reflect events, circumstances or changes in expectations after the date of this release.

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

Dollars in thousands, except per share data


Three months ended
December 31,



Year ended December 31,




2021



2020



2021



2020


Rental and other property revenues


$

463,575



$

423,661



$

1,778,082



$

1,677,984















Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

184,719



$

82,420



$

530,103



$

251,274















Total NOI (1)


$

296,477



$

263,647



$

1,106,917



$

1,037,513















Earnings per common share: (2)













Basic


$

1.60



$

0.72



$

4.62



$

2.20


Diluted


$

1.60



$

0.72



$

4.61



$

2.19















Funds from operations per Share - diluted: (2)













FFO (1)


$

2.01



$

1.80



$

7.20



$

6.46


Core FFO (1)


$

1.90



$

1.65



$

7.01



$

6.43


Core AFFO (1)


$

1.74



$

1.47



$

6.32



$

5.75















Dividends declared per common share


$

1.0875



$

1.0250



$

4.1625



$

4.0250















Dividends/Core FFO (diluted) payout ratio



57.2

%



62.1

%



59.4

%



62.6

%

Dividends/Core AFFO (diluted) payout ratio



62.5

%



69.7

%



65.9

%



70.0

%














Consolidated interest expense


$

39,108



$

40,952



$

156,881



$

167,562


Mark-to-market debt adjustment



(36)




(83)




(270)




(75)


Debt discount and debt issuance cost amortization



(1,474)




(1,283)




(5,383)




(4,886)


Capitalized interest



1,939




2,129




9,720




6,912


Total interest incurred


$

39,537



$

41,715



$

160,948



$

169,513















Amortization of principal on notes payable


$

337



$

886



$

1,516



$

5,424






(1)

A reconciliation of the following items and an expanded discussion of their respective components can be found later in this release: (i) NOI to Net income available for MAA common shareholders; and (ii) FFO, Core FFO and Core AFFO to Net income available for MAA common shareholders.


(2)

See the "Share and Unit Data" section for additional information.

 

Dollars in thousands, except share price









December 31, 2021



December 31, 2020


Gross Assets (1)


$

15,133,343



$

14,609,896


Gross Real Estate Assets (1)


$

14,865,818



$

14,407,418


Total debt


$

4,516,690



$

4,562,712


Common shares and units outstanding



118,542,994




118,431,384


Share price


$

229.44



$

126.69


Book equity value


$

6,184,092



$

6,103,805


Market equity value


$

27,198,505



$

15,004,072


Net Debt/Adjusted EBITDAre(2)


4.34x



4.81x






(1) 

A reconciliation of Gross Assets to Total assets and Gross Real Estate Assets to Real estate assets, net, along with an expanded discussion of their components, can be found later in this release.


(2)

Adjusted EBITDAre is calculated for the trailing twelve month period for each date presented. A reconciliation of the following items and an expanded discussion of their respective components can be found later in this release: (i) EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre to Net income; and (ii) Net Debt to Unsecured notes payable and Secured notes payable.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Dollars in thousands, except per share data


Three months ended
December 31,



Year ended December 31,




2021



2020



2021



2020


Revenues:













Rental and other property revenues


$

463,575



$

423,661



$

1,778,082



$

1,677,984


Expenses:













Operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes and insurance



100,164




95,935




404,288




387,966


Real estate taxes and insurance



66,934




64,079




266,877




252,505


Depreciation and amortization



135,495




129,585




533,433




510,842


Total property operating expenses



302,593




289,599




1,204,598




1,151,313


Property management expenses



15,210




13,236




55,732




52,300


General and administrative expenses



14,121




11,677




52,884




46,858


Interest expense



39,108




40,952




156,881




167,562


Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets



(85,913)




(16)




(220,428)




(9)


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



(609)




(29)




(811)




(1,024)


Other non-operating income



(19,345)




(18,504)




(33,902)




(4,857)


Income before income tax expense



198,410




86,746




563,128




265,841


Income tax expense



(7,790)




(795)




(13,637)




(3,327)


Income from continuing operations before real estate joint venture activity



190,620




85,951




549,491




262,514


Income from real estate joint venture



296




348




1,211




1,501


Net income



190,916




86,299




550,702




264,015


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests



5,275




2,957




16,911




9,053


Net income available for shareholders



185,641




83,342




533,791




254,962


Dividends to MAA Series I preferred shareholders



922




922




3,688




3,688


Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

184,719



$

82,420



$

530,103



$

251,274















Earnings per common share - basic:













Net income available for common shareholders


$

1.60



$

0.72



$

4.62



$

2.20















Earnings per common share - diluted:













Net income available for common shareholders


$

1.60



$

0.72



$

4.61



$

2.19


 

SHARE AND UNIT DATA

Shares and units in thousands


Three months ended
December 31,



Year ended December 31,




2021



2020



2021



2020


Net Income Shares (1)













Weighted average common shares - basic



115,158




114,220




114,717




114,188


Effect of dilutive securities



458




315




322




312


Weighted average common shares - diluted



115,616




114,535




115,039




114,500


Funds From Operations Shares And Units













Weighted average common shares and units - basic



118,433




118,279




118,400




118,248


Weighted average common shares and units - diluted



118,637




118,437




118,519




118,409


Period End Shares And Units













Common shares at December 31,



115,337




114,374




115,337




114,374


Operating Partnership units at December 31,



3,206




4,058




3,206




4,058


Total common shares and units at December 31,



118,543




118,432




118,543




118,432






(1)

For additional information on the calculation of diluted common shares and earnings per common share, please refer to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in MAA's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, expected to be filed with the SEC on or about February 17, 2022.

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

Dollars in thousands









December 31, 2021



December 31, 2020


Assets







Real estate assets:







Land


$

1,977,813



$

1,929,181


Buildings and improvements and other



12,454,439




12,065,244


Development and capital improvements in progress



247,970




283,477





14,680,222




14,277,902


Less: Accumulated depreciation



(3,848,161)




(3,415,105)





10,832,061




10,862,797


Undeveloped land



24,015




60,993


Investment in real estate joint venture



42,827




43,325


Real estate assets, net



10,898,903




10,967,115









Cash and cash equivalents



54,302




25,198


Restricted cash



76,296




10,417


Other assets



255,681




192,061


Total assets


$

11,285,182



$

11,194,791









Liabilities and equity







Liabilities:







Unsecured notes payable


$

4,151,375



$

4,077,373


Secured notes payable



365,315




485,339


Accrued expenses and other liabilities



584,400




528,274


Total liabilities



5,101,090




5,090,986









Redeemable common stock



30,185




15,397









Shareholders' equity:







Preferred stock



9




9


Common stock



1,151




1,141


Additional paid-in capital



7,230,956




7,176,793


Accumulated distributions in excess of net income



(1,255,807)




(1,294,182)


Accumulated other comprehensive loss



(11,132)




(12,128)


Total MAA shareholders' equity



5,965,177




5,871,633


Noncontrolling interests - Operating Partnership units



165,116




206,927


Total Company's shareholders' equity



6,130,293




6,078,560


Noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities



23,614




9,848


Total equity



6,153,907




6,088,408


Total liabilities and equity


$

11,285,182



$

11,194,791


 

RECONCILIATION OF FFO, CORE FFO, CORE AFFO AND FAD TO NET INCOME AVAILABLE FOR MAA COMMON SHAREHOLDERS

Amounts in thousands, except per share and unit data


Three months ended
December 31,



Year ended December 31,




2021



2020



2021



2020


Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

184,719



$

82,420



$

530,103



$

251,274


Depreciation and amortization of real estate assets



133,634




127,934




526,220




504,364


Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets



(85,913)




(16)




(220,428)




(9)


Depreciation and amortization of real estate assets of real estate joint venture



153




154




616




612


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests



5,275




2,957




16,911




9,053


Funds from operations attributable to the Company



237,868




213,449




853,422




765,294


Loss (gain) on embedded derivative in preferred shares (1)



16,052




(17,165)




4,560




(2,562)


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



(609)




(29)




(811)




(1,024)


Gain from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net of tax (1)(2)



(26,644)




(672)




(40,875)




(4,757)


Net casualty (gain) loss and other settlement proceeds (3)



(480)




(723)




1,524




484


Loss on debt extinguishment (1)









13,391




344


Legal costs and settlements, net (1)



(1,451)




(78)




(2,167)




(38)


COVID-19 related costs (1)



390




553




1,301




3,536


Mark-to-market debt adjustment (4)



36




83




270




75


Core funds from operations



225,162




195,418




830,615




761,352


Recurring capital expenditures



(19,297)




(21,008)




(81,106)




(80,420)


Core adjusted funds from operations



205,865




174,410




749,509




680,932


Redevelopment capital expenditures



(15,835)




(41,078)




(85,467)




(76,728)


Revenue enhancing capital expenditures



(13,645)




(15,019)




(43,133)




(39,529)


Commercial capital expenditures



(1,539)




(1,174)




(3,842)




(3,477)


Other capital expenditures (5)



(20,755)




(8,287)




(66,086)




(25,352)


Funds available for distribution


$

154,091



$

108,852



$

550,981



$

535,846















Dividends and distributions paid


$

121,505



$

118,622



$

485,898



$

473,598















Weighted average common shares - diluted



115,616




114,535




115,039




114,500


FFO weighted average common shares and units - diluted



118,637




118,437




118,519




118,409















Earnings per common share - diluted:













Net income available for common shareholders


$

1.60



$

0.72



$

4.61



$

2.19















Funds from operations per Share - diluted


$

2.01



$

1.80



$

7.20



$

6.46


Core funds from operations per Share - diluted


$

1.90



$

1.65



$

7.01



$

6.43


Core adjusted funds from operations per Share - diluted


$

1.74



$

1.47



$

6.32



$

5.75






(1)

Included in Other non-operating income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.


(2)

For the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2021, $33.7 million and $51.7 million, respectively, of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $7.1 million and $10.8 million, respectively, of income tax expense. For the year ended December 31, 2020, $5.6 million of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $0.8 million of income tax expense.     


(3)

During the year ended December 31, 2021, MAA incurred $26.0 million in casualty losses related to winter storm Uri (primarily building repairs, landscaping and asset write-offs). The majority of the casualty losses are expected to be reimbursed through insurance coverage. A receivable has been recognized in Other non-operating income for the amount of the recorded losses that MAA expects to be recovered. Additional costs related to the storm that are not expected to be recovered through insurance coverage, along with other unrelated casualty losses and recoveries, are also reflected in this adjustment. The adjustment is primarily included in Other non-operating income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. 


(4)

Included in Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.


(5)

During the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2021, MAA spent $11.5 million and $41.7 million, respectively, in reconstruction-related capital expenditures due to winter storm Uri. The majority of the storm costs are expected to be reimbursed through insurance coverage.

 

RECONCILIATION OF NET OPERATING INCOME TO NET INCOME AVAILABLE FOR MAA COMMON SHAREHOLDERS

Dollars in thousands


Three Months Ended



Year Ended




December 31,
2021



September 30,
2021



December 31,
2020



December 31,
2021



December 31,
2020


Net Operating Income
















Same Store NOI


$

285,114



$

269,393



$

254,338



$

1,064,308



$

1,001,919


Non-Same Store and Other NOI



11,363




10,344




9,309




42,609




35,594


Total NOI



296,477




279,737




263,647




1,106,917




1,037,513


Depreciation and amortization



(135,495)




(134,611)




(129,585)




(533,433)




(510,842)


Property management expenses



(15,210)




(13,831)




(13,236)




(55,732)




(52,300)


General and administrative expenses



(14,121)




(12,670)




(11,677)




(52,884)




(46,858)


Interest expense



(39,108)




(39,234)




(40,952)




(156,881)




(167,562)


Gain (loss) on sale of depreciable real estate assets



85,913




(313)




16




220,428




9


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



609




170




29




811




1,024


Other non-operating income



19,345




10,344




18,504




33,902




4,857


Income tax expense



(7,790)




(2,803)




(795)




(13,637)




(3,327)


Income from real estate joint venture



296




258




348




1,211




1,501


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests



(5,275)




(2,568)




(2,957)




(16,911)




(9,053)


Dividends to MAA Series I preferred shareholders



(922)




(922)




(922)




(3,688)




(3,688)


Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

184,719



$

83,557



$

82,420



$

530,103



$

251,274


 

RECONCILIATION OF EBITDA, EBITDAre AND ADJUSTED EBITDAre TO NET INCOME

Dollars in thousands


Three Months Ended



Year Ended




December 31, 2021



December 31, 2020



December 31, 2021



December 31, 2020


Net income


$

190,916



$

86,299



$

550,702



$

264,015


Depreciation and amortization



135,495




129,585




533,433




510,842


Interest expense



39,108




40,952




156,881




167,562


Income tax expense



7,790




795




13,637




3,327


EBITDA



373,309




257,631




1,254,653




945,746


Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets



(85,913)




(16)




(220,428)




(9)


Adjustments to reflect the Company's share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated affiliates



338




339




1,352




1,349


EBITDAre



287,734




257,954




1,035,577




947,086


Loss (gain) on embedded derivative in preferred shares (1)



16,052




(17,165)




4,560




(2,562)


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



(609)




(29)




(811)




(1,024)


Gain from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net of tax (1)(2)



(26,644)




(672)




(40,875)




(4,757)


Net casualty (gain) loss and other settlement proceeds (3)



(480)




(723)




1,524




484


Loss on debt extinguishment (1)









13,391




344


Legal costs and settlements, net (1)



(1,451)




(78)




(2,167)




(38)


COVID-19 related costs (1)



390




553




1,301




3,536


Mark-to-market debt adjustment (4)



36




83




270




75


Adjusted EBITDAre


$

275,028



$

239,923



$

1,012,770



$

943,144






(1)

Included in Other non-operating income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. 


(2)

For the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2021, $33.7 million and $51.7 million, respectively, of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $7.1 million and $10.8 million, respectively, of income tax expense. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, $5.6 million of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $0.8 million of income tax expense.


(3)

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2021, MAA incurred $26.0 million in casualty losses related to winter storm Uri (primarily building repairs, landscaping and asset write-offs). The majority of the casualty losses are expected to be reimbursed through insurance coverage. A receivable has been recognized in Other non-operating income for the amount of the recorded losses that MAA expects to be recovered. Additional costs related to the storm that are not expected to be recovered through insurance coverage, along with other unrelated casualty losses and recoveries, are also reflected in this adjustment. The adjustment is primarily included in Other non-operating income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. 


(4)

Included in Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

RECONCILIATION OF NET DEBT TO UNSECURED NOTES PAYABLE AND SECURED NOTES PAYABLE

Dollars in thousands









December 31, 2021



December 31, 2020


Unsecured notes payable


$

4,151,375



$

4,077,373


Secured notes payable



365,315




485,339


Total debt



4,516,690




4,562,712


Cash and cash equivalents



(54,302)




(25,198)


1031(b) exchange proceeds included in Restricted cash (1)



(64,452)





Net Debt


$

4,397,936



$

4,537,514



(1)

Included in Restricted cash in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

RECONCILIATION OF GROSS ASSETS TO TOTAL ASSETS

Dollars in thousands









December 31, 2021



December 31, 2020


Total assets


$

11,285,182



$

11,194,791


Accumulated depreciation



3,848,161




3,415,105


Gross Assets


$

15,133,343



$

14,609,896


 

RECONCILIATION OF GROSS REAL ESTATE ASSETS TO REAL ESTATE ASSETS, NET

Dollars in thousands









December 31, 2021



December 31, 2020


Real estate assets, net


$

10,898,903



$

10,967,115


Accumulated depreciation



3,848,161




3,415,105


Cash and cash equivalents



54,302




25,198


1031(b) exchange proceeds included in Restricted cash (1)



64,452





Gross Real Estate Assets


$

14,865,818



$

14,407,418



(1)

Included in Restricted cash in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

Adjusted EBITDAre
For purposes of calculations in this release, Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization for real estate, or Adjusted EBITDAre, represents EBITDAre further adjusted for items that are not considered part of MAA's core operations such as adjustments related to the fair value of the embedded derivative in the MAA Series I preferred shares, gain or loss on sale of non-depreciable assets, adjustments for gains or losses from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net casualty gain or loss, gain or loss on debt extinguishment, legal costs and settlements, net, COVID-19 related costs and mark-to-market debt adjustments. As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers Adjusted EBITDAre to be an important measure of performance from core operations because Adjusted EBITDAre does not include various income and expense items that are not indicative of operating performance. MAA's computation of Adjusted EBITDAre may differ from the methodology utilized by other companies to calculate Adjusted EBITDAre. Adjusted EBITDAre should not be considered as an alternative to Net income as an indicator of operating performance.

Core Adjusted Funds from Operations (Core AFFO)
Core AFFO is composed of Core FFO less recurring capital expenditures. Core AFFO should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance. As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers Core AFFO to be an important measure of performance from operations because Core AFFO measures the ability to control revenues, expenses and recurring capital expenditures.

Core Funds from Operations (Core FFO)
Core FFO represents FFO as adjusted for items that are not considered part of MAA's core business operations such as adjustments related to the fair value of the embedded derivative in the MAA Series I preferred shares, gain or loss on sale of non-depreciable assets, adjustments for gains or losses from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net casualty gain or loss, gain or loss on debt extinguishment, legal costs and settlements, net, COVID-19 related costs and mark-to-market debt adjustments. While MAA's definition of Core FFO may be similar to others in the industry, MAA's methodology for calculating Core FFO may differ from that utilized by other REITs and, accordingly, may not be comparable to such other REITs. Core FFO should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance. MAA believes that Core FFO is helpful in understanding its core operating performance between periods in that it removes certain items that by their nature are not comparable over periods and therefore tend to obscure actual operating performance.

EBITDA
For purposes of calculations in this release, Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization, or EBITDA, is composed of net income plus depreciation and amortization, interest expense, and income taxes. As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers EBITDA to be an important measure of performance from core operations because EBITDA does not include various expense items that are not indicative of operating performance. EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to Net income as an indicator of operating performance.

EBITDAre
For purposes of calculations in this release, Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization for real estate, or EBITDAre, is composed of EBITDA further adjusted for the gain or loss on sale of depreciable asset sales and plus adjustments to reflect MAA's share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated affiliates. As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers EBITDAre to be an important measure of performance from core operations because EBITDAre does not include various expense items that are not indicative of operating performance. While MAA's definition of EBITDAre is in accordance with NAREIT's definition, it may differ from the methodology utilized by other companies to calculate EBITDAre. EBITDAre should not be considered as an alternative to Net income as an indicator of operating performance.

Funds Available for Distribution (FAD)
FAD is composed of Core FFO less total capital expenditures, excluding development spending and property acquisitions. FAD should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance. As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers FAD to be an important measure of performance from core operations because FAD measures the ability to control revenues, expenses and total capital expenditures.

Funds From Operations (FFO)
FFO represents net income available for MAA common shareholders (calculated in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains or losses on disposition of operating properties and asset impairment, plus depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, net income attributable to noncontrolling interests, and adjustments for joint ventures. Because net income attributable to noncontrolling interests is added back, FFO, when used in this document, represents FFO attributable to the Company. While MAA's definition of FFO is in accordance with NAREIT's definition, it may differ from the methodology for calculating FFO utilized by other companies and, accordingly, may not be comparable to such other companies. FFO should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance. MAA believes that FFO is helpful in understanding operating performance in that FFO excludes depreciation and amortization of real estate assets. MAA believes that GAAP historical cost depreciation of real estate assets is generally not correlated with changes in the value of those assets, whose value does not diminish predictably over time, as historical cost depreciation implies.

Gross Assets
Gross Assets represents Total assets plus Accumulated depreciation. MAA believes that Gross Assets can be used as a helpful tool in evaluating its balance sheet positions. MAA believes that GAAP historical cost depreciation of real estate assets is generally not correlated with changes in the value of those assets, whose value does not diminish predictably over time, as historical cost depreciation implies.

Gross Real Estate Assets
Gross Real Estate Assets represents Real estate assets, net plus Accumulated depreciation, Cash and cash equivalents and 1031(b) exchange proceeds included in Restricted cash. MAA believes that Gross Real Estate Assets can be used as a helpful tool in evaluating its balance sheet positions. MAA believes that GAAP historical cost depreciation of real estate assets is generally not correlated with changes in the value of those assets, whose value does not diminish predictably over time, as historical cost depreciation implies.

Net Debt
Net Debt represents Unsecured notes payable and Secured notes payable less Cash and cash equivalents and 1031(b) exchange proceeds included in Restricted cash. MAA believes Net Debt is a helpful tool in evaluating its debt position.

Net Operating Income (NOI)
Net Operating Income represents Rental and other property revenues less Total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization, for all properties held during the period, regardless of their status as held for sale. NOI should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders. MAA believes NOI by market is a helpful tool in evaluating the operating performance within MAA's markets because it measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance.

Non-Same Store and Other NOI
Non-Same Store and Other NOI represents Rental and other property revenues less Total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization, for all properties classified within the Non-Same Store and Other Portfolio during the period. Non-Same Store and Other NOI should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders. MAA believes Non-Same Store and Other NOI is a helpful tool in evaluating the operating performance within MAA's markets because it measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance.

Same Store NOI
Same Store NOI represents Rental and other property revenues less Total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization, for all properties classified within the Same Store Portfolio during the period. Same Store NOI should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders. MAA believes Same Store NOI is a helpful tool in evaluating the operating performance within MAA's markets because it measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance.

OTHER KEY DEFINITIONS

Average Effective Rent per Unit
Average Effective Rent per Unit represents the average of gross rent amounts after the effect of leasing concessions for occupied units plus prevalent market rates asked for unoccupied units, divided by the total number of units. Leasing concessions represent discounts to the current market rate. MAA believes average effective rent is a helpful measurement in evaluating average pricing. It does not represent actual rental revenue collected per unit.

Average Physical Occupancy
Average Physical Occupancy represents the average of the daily physical occupancy for an applicable period.

Development Communities
Communities remain identified as development until certificates of occupancy are obtained for all units under development. Once all units are delivered and available for occupancy, the community moves into the Lease-up Communities portfolio.

Lease-up Communities
New acquisitions acquired during lease-up and newly developed communities remain in the Lease-up Communities portfolio until stabilized. Communities are considered stabilized after achieving at least 90% average physical occupancy for 90 days.

Non-Same Store and Other Portfolio
Non-Same Store and Other Portfolio includes recently acquired communities, communities in development or lease-up, communities that have been identified for disposition, communities that have undergone a significant casualty loss, stabilized communities that do not meet the requirements defined by the Same Store Portfolio, retail properties and commercial properties.

Same Store Portfolio
MAA reviews its Same Store Portfolio at the beginning of each calendar year, or as significant transactions or events warrant. Communities are generally added into the Same Store Portfolio if they were owned and stabilized at the beginning of the previous year. Communities are considered stabilized after achieving at least 90% average physical occupancy for 90 days. Communities that have been approved by MAA's Board of Directors for disposition are excluded from the Same Store Portfolio. Communities that have undergone a significant casualty loss are also excluded from the Same Store Portfolio.

Unencumbered NOI
Unencumbered NOI represents NOI generated by unencumbered assets (as defined in MAALP's bond covenants).

 

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SOURCE MAA