Press Release

MAA Reports Third Quarter Results

Company Release - 10/28/2020 4:15 PM ET

GERMANTOWN, Tenn., Oct. 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc., or MAA (NYSE: MAA), today announced operating results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020.

MAA logo. (PRNewsFoto/MAA)

Net Income Available for Common Shareholders
For the quarter ended September 30, 2020, net income available for MAA common shareholders was $59.0 million, or $0.52 per diluted common share, compared to $77.7 million, or $0.68 per diluted common share, for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.  Results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020, included $1.3 million, or $0.01 per diluted common share, of non-cash income related to the fair value adjustment of the embedded derivative in the MAA Series I preferred shares.  Results for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, included $15.5 million, or $0.14 per diluted common share, of non-cash income related to the embedded derivative in the preferred shares.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, net income available for MAA common shareholders was $168.9 million, or $1.47 per diluted common share, compared to $201.5 million, or $1.77 per diluted common share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.  Results for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, included $14.6 million, or $0.13 per diluted common share, of non-cash expense related to the fair value adjustment of the embedded derivative in the preferred shares.  Results for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, included $19.6 million, or $0.17 per diluted common share, of non-cash income related to the embedded derivative in the preferred shares.

Core Funds from Operations (FFO) and FFO
Core FFO, which adjusts FFO for items that are not considered part of MAA's core business operations, for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 was $185.9 million, or $1.57 per diluted common share and unit, or per Share, as compared to $185.0 million, or $1.57 per Share, for the quarter ended September 30, 2019. For the quarter ended September 30, 2020, FFO was $187.2 million, or $1.58 per Share, compared to $202.9 million, or $1.72 per Share, for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.  FFO results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020, included $1.3 million, or $0.01 per Share, of non-cash income related to the fair value adjustment of the embedded derivative in the preferred shares. FFO results for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, included $15.5 million, or $0.13 per Share, of non-cash income related to the embedded derivative in the preferred shares.

Core FFO for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $565.9 million, or $4.78 per Share, as compared to $543.2 million, or $4.60 per Share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, FFO was $551.8 million, or $4.66 per Share, compared to $575.0 million, or $4.87 per Share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.  FFO results for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, included $14.6 million, or $0.13 per Share, of non-cash expense related to the fair value adjustment of the embedded derivative in the preferred shares.  FFO results for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, included $19.6 million, or $0.17 per Share, of non-cash income related to the embedded derivative in the preferred shares.

A reconciliation of FFO and Core FFO to net income available for MAA common shareholders, and an expanded discussion of the components of FFO and Core FFO, can be found later in this release.

Eric Bolton, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, said, "Our third quarter results were better than expected.  MAA's portfolio of high quality communities, well diversified across the Sunbelt markets, supported by a strong operating platform and a dedicated team of associates, is performing well.  While recovery in the economy and employment markets from the impact of COVID-19 is still underway, we were encouraged by the positive sequential revenue growth in the third quarter as compared to the second quarter in each of our markets."

Third Quarter 2020 Highlights

  • Property revenues from the Same Store Portfolio increased 2.1% during the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year. Results were driven by a 1.8% growth in Average Effective Rent per Unit for the Same Store Portfolio.
  • Property operating expenses for the Same Store Portfolio increased 7.2% during the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year. As expected, growth in real estate taxes, insurance expenses, and marketing costs drove the majority of the increase.
  • Net Operating Income, or NOI, from the Same Store Portfolio decreased 1.1% during the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year.
  • Resident turnover continued to decline and remained low as resident move outs for the Same Store Portfolio for the third quarter of 2020 was 45.9% on a rolling twelve month basis.
  • As of the end of the third quarter of 2020, MAA had six properties under development, representing 1,940 units once complete, with a total projected cost of $459.5 million and an estimated $195.5 million remaining to be funded.
  • As of the end of the third quarter of 2020, MAA had two properties in their initial lease-up with physical occupancy averaging 83.6%. One property is expected to stabilize in the fourth quarter of 2020 and the other property is expected to stabilize in the second quarter of 2021.
  • During the third quarter of 2020, MAA's operating partnership, Mid-America Apartments, L.P. (referred to as MAALP or the Operating Partnership), issued $450.0 million of 10-year senior unsecured notes at a coupon of 1.7% and an issue price of 99.465%.

COVID-19 Developments
MAA believes the best way it can continue to help its residents is to work with those who have lost wages or compensation due to the COVID-19 pandemic so that they can remain in their homes. MAA has offered these impacted residents amendments to their leases that provided varying degrees of payment flexibility with respect to rent and waived late fees and interest charges under the original lease for rent that was deferred under a lease amendment. 

MAA's on-site leasing offices have remained open throughout the COVID-19 pandemic while adhering to orders and directives issued by state and local governments. During the third quarter of 2020, MAA continued normal operations at its on-site leasing offices, permitting public access and walk-in traffic, subject to social distancing restrictions. Further, property amenities were open as permitted by governmental orders, directives and guidelines.

MAA continues to support its on-site associates with enhanced leave and sick time policies, enhanced flextime arrangements and additional COVID-19 paid time off, among other benefits. MAA continues to monitor and comply with the various federal, state and local laws, orders and directives issued in response to the COVID-19 pandemic that affect apartment owners and operators, including the Temporary Halt in Residential Evictions to Prevent the Further Spread of COVID-19 issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in September 2020.

Operating metrics for the third quarter of 2020 and the month of October (through October 26, 2020) include the following:

  • Through October 26, 2020, rent cash collections and promises to pay under lease amendments signed by residents financially impacted by COVID-19, combined, represented 99.2% of billed residential rent for the third quarter of 2020.
  • Through October 26, 2020, rent cash collections represented 98.6% of billed residential rent for October 2020. This compares to 98.4% average cash collections of July, August and September rents through the 26th of each such month. Rent cash collections and promises to pay under lease amendments signed by residents financially impacted by COVID-19, combined, represented 98.8% of billed residential rent for October 2020. This compares to 98.6% average combined collections and deferrals of July, August and September rents through the 26th of each such month.
  • Through October 26, 2020, Average Physical Occupancy for the Same Store Portfolio was 95.6% for the month of October.

Additional metrics related to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on MAA's business are included in the supplemental schedules accompanying this release.            

Same Store Portfolio Operating Results
To ensure comparable reporting with prior periods, the Same Store Portfolio includes properties that were stabilized and owned by MAA at the beginning of the previous year.

The Same Store Portfolio revenue growth of 2.1% during the third quarter of 2020 was primarily a result of a 1.8% increase in Average Effective Rent per Unit, as compared to the same period in the prior year.  Rent growth for the Same Store Portfolio for both new and renewing leases, as compared to the prior lease, on a combined basis increased an average of 0.8% during the third quarter of 2020.  Average Physical Occupancy for the Same Store Portfolio was 95.6% for the third quarter of 2020, as compared to 96.1% in the same period in the prior year.  Property operating expenses for the Same Store Portfolio increased 7.2% for the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year.  Growth in real estate taxes, insurance expense, and marketing costs drove the majority of the increase. In addition, MAA incurred $0.8 million of storm costs during the third quarter of 2020. The rollout of the new high-speed bulk cable internet package contributed 0.7% in revenue growth and 0.5% in expense growth for the Same Store Portfolio during the third quarter of 2020.  All of this resulted in a Same Store NOI decrease of 1.1% for the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year.

The Same Store Portfolio revenue growth of 2.8% during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was primarily a result of a 3.1% increase in Average Effective Rent per Unit, as compared to the same period in the prior year.  Rent growth for the Same Store Portfolio for both new and renewing leases, as compared to the prior lease, on a combined basis increased an average of 1.4% during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.  Average Physical Occupancy for the Same Store Portfolio was 95.6% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to 96.0%  in the same period in the prior year.  Property operating expenses for the Same Store Portfolio increased 4.3% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year. All of this resulted in Same Store NOI growth of 1.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year.

A reconciliation of NOI, including Same Store NOI, to net income available for MAA common shareholders, and an expanded discussion of the components of NOI, can be found later in this release.

Development and Lease-up Activity
As of the end of the third quarter of 2020, MAA had six development communities under construction.  MAA expects to complete construction of one of these development communities in 2020, four in 2021 and one in 2022.  Total development costs for the six communities are projected to be $459.5 million, of which an estimated $195.5 million remained to be funded as of the end of the third quarter of 2020.  The expected average stabilized NOI yield on these communities is 6.1%. During the third quarter of 2020, MAA funded $49.7 million of construction costs on current development projects. 

As of the end of the third quarter of 2020, MAA had two apartment communities, representing a total of 439 units, remaining in initial lease-up: The Greene, located in Greenville, South Carolina and Copper Ridge II, located in Ft. Worth, Texas.  Physical occupancy for these lease-up projects averaged 83.6% at the end of the third quarter of 2020.

Acquisition and Disposition Activity
In September 2020, MAA closed on the disposition of a 27 acre land parcel located in the Huntsville, Alabama market for net proceeds of $2.6 million, resulting in a gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets of $1.3 million.

MAA did not acquire any apartment communities, land parcels or commercial properties during the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Property Redevelopment and Repositioning Activity
MAA continued its interior redevelopment program at select apartment communities throughout the portfolio.  During the third quarter of 2020, MAA redeveloped the interior of 1,205 units, bringing the total units renovated during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 to 3,300 at an average cost of $5,939 per unit, achieving average rental rate increases of approximately 9.3% above non-renovated units.

MAA restarted its SmartHome technology initiative (mobile control of lights, thermostat and security, as well as leak monitoring) in July 2020.  During the third quarter of 2020, 13,887 units were installed, bringing the total units installed during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 to 21,884 at an average cost of approximately $1,350 per unit and achieved an average rent increase of $25 per unit.  MAA expects to complete a total of 24,000 units by the end of 2020. 

During the third quarter of 2020, MAA continued its program to upgrade and reposition the amenity and common areas at select properties. The program includes targeted plans to move all units at the properties to higher rents that are expected to deliver yields on cost averaging 8% beginning in calendar year 2021.  During the third quarter of 2020, repositioning work continued at eight of these properties.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, MAA has spent $6.8 million on this program. MAA expects to begin work at two additional properties later this year or early in 2021 as market conditions stabilize.

Capital Expenditures
Recurring capital expenditures totaled $19.7 million for the third quarter of 2020, or approximately $0.17 per Share, as compared to $21.5 million, or $0.18 per Share, for the same period in the prior year.  These expenditures led to Core Adjusted Funds from Operations, or Core AFFO, of $1.40 per Share for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $1.38 per Share for the same period in the prior year.

Redevelopment, revenue enhancing, commercial and other capital expenditures during the third quarter of 2020 were $26.9 million, as compared to $33.9 million for the same period in the prior year. These expenditures led to Funds Available for Distribution, or FAD, of $139.2 million for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $129.6 million for the same period in the prior year.

Recurring capital expenditures totaled $59.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, or approximately $0.50 per Share, as compared to $58.5 million, or $0.50 per Share, for the same period in the prior year.  These expenditures led to Core AFFO of $4.28 per Share for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $4.10 per Share for the same period in the prior year.

Redevelopment, revenue enhancing, commercial and other capital expenditures during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were $79.5 million, as compared to $89.6 million for the same period in the prior year. These expenditures led to FAD of $427.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $395.1 million for the same period in the prior year.

A reconciliation of FFO, Core FFO, Core AFFO and FAD to net income available for MAA common shareholders, and an expanded discussion of the components of FFO, Core FFO, Core AFFO and FAD, can be found later in this release.

Financing Activities
In August 2020, MAALP issued $450.0 million of 1.70% senior unsecured notes due in 2031 at an effective interest rate of 1.76%. 

During the third quarter of 2020, MAALP retired a $300.0 million unsecured term loan before maturity, $63.6 million of secured property mortgages at maturity and $72.2 million of secured property mortgages before maturity with proceeds received from borrowings under MAALP's unsecured commercial paper program.  Those commercial paper borrowings were then repaid with the proceeds received from the senior unsecured notes issued in August 2020.

As of September 30, 2020, MAA had approximately $980.0 million of combined cash and available capacity under MAALP's unsecured revolving credit facility, net of commercial paper borrowings.

Dividends and distributions paid on shares of common stock and noncontrolling interests during the third quarter of 2020 were $118.2 million, as compared to $113.4 million for the same period in the prior year.

Balance Sheet
As of September 30, 2020:

  • Total debt to adjusted total assets (as defined in the covenants for the bonds issued by MAALP) was 30.6%;
  • Total debt outstanding was $4.4 billion with an average effective interest rate of approximately 3.7%;
  • 99.2% of total debt was fixed against rising interest rates for an average of approximately 8.0 years; and
  • Unencumbered NOI was 93.2% of total NOI.

107th Consecutive Quarterly Common Dividend Declared
MAA declared its 107th consecutive quarterly common dividend, which will be paid on October 30, 2020 to holders of record on October 15, 2020.  The current annual dividend rate is $4.00 per common share.   

2020 Net Income per Diluted Common Share, Core FFO and Core AFFO per Share Guidance
As a result of the material change in broad economic conditions in the U.S., in late March, MAA withdrew its calendar year 2020 guidance for Net income per diluted common share, Core FFO per Share and Core AFFO per Share. Given continued higher than normal uncertainty in the outlook for the U.S. economy and the number and timing of actions enacted by federal, state and local governments to help stop the spread of COVID-19, and the potential for wide-ranging impact on rent collections, fees and occupancy, MAA is not providing guidance for Net income per diluted common share, Core FFO per Share or Core AFFO per Share for the remainder of the year. The supplemental schedules accompanying this release include an update on certain third quarter of 2020 operating metrics as well as certain October 2020 operating metrics. MAA will continue to monitor conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic and expects to provide full year guidance for 2021 in its fourth quarter 2020 earnings release.

Supplemental Material and Conference Call
Supplemental data to this release can be found on the "For Investors" page of our website at www.maac.com. MAA will host a conference call to further discuss third quarter results on Thursday, October 29, 2020, at 9:00 AM Central Time.  The conference call-in number is 877-830-2596.  You may also join the live webcast of the conference call by accessing the "For Investors" page of our website at www.maac.com.  MAA's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, are filed under the registrant names of Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. and Mid-America Apartments, L.P.

About MAA
MAA, an S&P 500 company, is a real estate investment trust, or REIT, focused on delivering full-cycle and superior investment performance for shareholders through the ownership, management, acquisition, development and redevelopment of quality apartment communities in the Southeast, Southwest, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.  As of September 30, 2020, MAA had ownership interest in 102,105 apartment units, including communities currently in development, across 16 states and the District of Columbia. For further details, please visit the MAA website at www.maac.com or contact Investor Relations at investor.relations@maac.com, or via mail at MAA, 6815 Poplar Ave., Suite 500, Germantown, TN 38138, Attn: Investor Relations.

Forward-Looking Statements
Sections of this release contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, with respect to our expectations for future periods. Forward-looking statements do not discuss historical fact, but instead include statements related to expectations, projections, intentions or other items related to the future.  Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, statements regarding expected operating performance and results, property stabilizations, property acquisition and disposition activity, joint venture activity, development and renovation activity and other capital expenditures, and capital raising and financing activity, as well as lease pricing, revenue and expense growth, occupancy, interest rate and other economic expectations. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "forecasts," "projects," "assumes," "will," "may," "could," "should," "target," "outlook," "guidance" and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, as described below, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from the results of operations, financial conditions or plans expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate, and therefore such forward-looking statements included in this release may not prove to be accurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the results or conditions described in such statements or our objectives and plans will be achieved.

The following factors, among others, could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements:

  • the COVID-19 pandemic and measures taken or that may be taken by federal, state and local governmental authorities to combat the spread of the disease;
  • inability to generate sufficient cash flows due to unfavorable economic and market conditions, changes in supply and/or demand, competition, uninsured losses, changes in tax and housing laws, or other factors;
  • exposure, as a multifamily focused REIT, to risks inherent in investments in a single industry and sector;
  • adverse changes in real estate markets, including, but not limited to, the extent of future demand for multifamily units in our significant markets, barriers of entry into new markets which we may seek to enter in the future, limitations on our ability to increase rental rates, competition, our ability to identify and consummate attractive acquisitions or development projects on favorable terms, our ability to consummate any planned dispositions in a timely manner on acceptable terms, and our ability to reinvest sale proceeds in a manner that generates favorable returns;
  • failure of new acquisitions to achieve anticipated results or be efficiently integrated;
  • failure of development communities to be completed within budget and on a timely basis, if at all, to lease-up as anticipated or to achieve anticipated results;
  • unexpected capital needs;
  • changes in operating costs, including real estate taxes, utilities and insurance costs;
  • inability to obtain appropriate insurance coverage at reasonable rates, or at all, or losses from catastrophes in excess of our insurance coverage;
  • ability to obtain financing at favorable rates, if at all, and refinance existing debt as it matures;
  • level and volatility of interest or capitalization rates or capital market conditions;
  • price volatility, dislocations and liquidity disruptions in the financial markets and the resulting impact on financing;
  • the effect of any rating agency actions on the cost and availability of new debt financing;
  • the effect of the phase-out of the London Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, as a variable rate debt benchmark by the end of 2021 and the transition to a different benchmark interest rate;
  • significant decline in market value of real estate serving as collateral for mortgage obligations;
  • significant change in the mortgage financing market that would cause single-family housing, either as an owned or rental product, to become a more significant competitive product;
  • our ability to continue to satisfy complex rules in order to maintain our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, the ability of MAALP to satisfy the rules to maintain its status as a partnership for federal income tax purposes, the ability of our taxable REIT subsidiaries to maintain their status as such for federal income tax purposes, and our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to operate effectively within the limitations imposed by these rules;
  • inability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
  • cyber liability or potential liability for breaches of our or our service providers' information technology systems, or business operations disruptions;
  • potential liability for environmental contamination;
  • adverse legislative or regulatory developments;
  • extreme weather, natural disasters, disease outbreak and public health events;
  • legal proceedings relating to various issues, which, among other things, could result in a class action lawsuit;
  • compliance costs associated with numerous federal, state and local laws and regulations, including those costs associated with laws requiring access for disabled persons; and
  • other risks identified in this release and in reports we file with the SEC or in other documents that we publicly disseminate.

New factors may also emerge from time to time that could have a material adverse effect on our business.  Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise forward-looking statements contained in this release to reflect events, circumstances or changes in expectations after the date of this release.


FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

Dollars in thousands, except per share data


Three months ended
September
 30,



Nine months ended
September
 30,




2020



2019



2020





2019


Rental and other property revenues


$

423,199



$

415,632



$

1,254,323





$

1,224,200





















Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

58,988



$

77,723



$

168,854





$

201,456





















Total NOI (1)


$

253,385



$

256,093



$

773,866





$

761,142





















Earnings per common share: (2)



















Basic


$

0.52



$

0.68



$

1.48





$

1.77


Diluted


$

0.52



$

0.68



$

1.47





$

1.77





















Funds from operations per Share - diluted: (2)



















FFO (1)


$

1.58



$

1.72



$

4.66





$

4.87


Core FFO (1)


$

1.57



$

1.57



$

4.78





$

4.60


Core AFFO (1)


$

1.40



$

1.38



$

4.28





$

4.10





















Dividends declared per common share


$

1.00



$

0.96



$

3.00





$

2.88





















Dividends/Core FFO (diluted) payout ratio



63.7

%



61.1

%



62.8

%





62.6

%

Dividends/Core AFFO (diluted) payout ratio



71.4

%



69.6

%



70.1

%





70.2

%




















Consolidated interest expense


$

41,010



$

44,513



$

126,610





$

136,149


Mark-to-market debt adjustment



(83)




51




9






222


Debt discount and debt issuance cost amortization



(1,223)




(1,288)




(3,603)






(4,928)


Capitalized interest



1,764




754




4,783






1,847


Total interest incurred


$

41,468



$

44,030



$

127,799





$

133,290





















Amortization of principal on notes payable


$

1,055



$

1,796



$

4,538





$

5,468




(1) 

A reconciliation of the following items and an expanded discussion of their respective components can be found later in this release: (i) NOI to Net income available for MAA common shareholders; and (ii) FFO, Core FFO and Core AFFO to Net income available for MAA common shareholders.

(2) 

See the "Share and Unit Data" section for additional information.

 

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (CONTINUED)

Dollars in thousands, except share price











September 30, 2020



December 31, 2019


Gross Assets (1)


$

14,445,414



$

14,185,703


Gross Real Estate Assets (1)


$

14,263,492



$

13,996,700


Total debt


$

4,425,594



$

4,454,598


Common shares and units outstanding



118,428,070




118,313,567


Share price


$

115.95



$

131.86


Book equity value


$

6,133,096



$

6,303,590


Market equity value


$

13,731,735



$

15,600,827


Net Debt/Adjusted EBITDAre(2)


4.66x



4.71x




(1)            

A reconciliation of Gross Assets to Total assets and Gross Real Estate Assets to Real estate assets, net, along with an expanded discussion of their components, can be found later in this release.

(2)            

Adjusted EBITDAre in this calculation represents the trailing twelve month period for each date presented. A reconciliation of the following items and an expanded discussion of their respective components can be found later in this release: (i) EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre to Net income; and (ii) Net Debt to Unsecured notes payable and Secured notes payable.

 


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Dollars in thousands, except per share data


Three months ended
September
 30,



Nine months ended
September
 30,




2020



2019



2020



2019


Revenues:

















Rental and other property revenues


$

423,199



$

415,632



$

1,254,323



$

1,224,200


Expenses:

















Operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes and insurance



105,108




100,319




292,031




286,284


Real estate taxes and insurance



64,706




59,220




188,426




176,774


Depreciation and amortization



127,679




124,684




381,257




371,417


Total property operating expenses



297,493




284,223




861,714




834,475


Property management expenses



12,691




13,899




39,064




41,195


General and administrative expenses



11,360




10,225




35,181




32,960


Interest expense



41,010




44,513




126,610




136,149


(Gain) loss on sale of depreciable real estate assets



(20)




(1,000)




7




(987)


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



(1,366)







(995)




(9,260)


Other non-operating (income) expense



(242)




(18,800)




13,647




(23,494)


Income before income tax expense



62,273




82,572




179,095




213,162


Income tax expense



(665)




(1,491)




(2,532)




(2,814)


Income from continuing operations before real estate joint venture activity



61,608




81,081




176,563




210,348


Income from real estate joint venture



428




378




1,153




1,210


Net income



62,036




81,459




177,716




211,558


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests



2,126




2,814




6,096




7,336


Net income available for shareholders



59,910




78,645




171,620




204,222


Dividends to MAA Series I preferred shareholders



922




922




2,766




2,766


Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

58,988



$

77,723



$

168,854



$

201,456



















Earnings per common share - basic:

















Net income available for common shareholders


$

0.52



$

0.68



$

1.48



$

1.77



















Earnings per common share - diluted:

















Net income available for common shareholders


$

0.52



$

0.68



$

1.47



$

1.77


 


SHARE AND UNIT DATA

Shares and units in thousands


Three months ended
September
 30,



Nine months ended
September
 30,




2020



2019



2020



2019


Net Income Shares (1)

















Weighted average common shares - basic



114,216




113,877




114,177




113,814


Effect of dilutive securities



252




260




310




238


Weighted average common shares - diluted



114,468




114,137




114,487




114,052


Funds From Operations Shares And Units

















Weighted average common shares and units - basic



118,274




117,958




118,238




117,910


Weighted average common shares and units - diluted



118,432




118,151




118,400




118,104


Period End Shares And Units

















Common shares at September 30,



114,370




114,066




114,370




114,066


Operating Partnership units at September 30,



4,058




4,074




4,058




4,074


Total common shares and units at September 30,



118,428




118,140




118,428




118,140




(1) 

For additional information on the calculation of diluted common shares and earnings per common share, please refer to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in MAA's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, expected to be filed with the SEC on or about October 29, 2020.

 


CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

Dollars in thousands











September 30, 2020



December 31, 2019


Assets









Real estate assets:









Land


$

1,909,343



$

1,905,757


Buildings and improvements and other



12,037,042




11,841,978


Development and capital improvements in progress



220,685




116,424





14,167,070




13,864,159


Less: Accumulated depreciation



(3,316,710)




(2,955,253)





10,850,360




10,908,906


Undeveloped land



34,548




34,548


Investment in real estate joint venture



43,467




43,674


Real estate assets, net



10,928,375




10,987,128











Cash and cash equivalents



18,407




20,476


Restricted cash



9,182




50,065


Other assets



172,740




172,781


Total assets


$

11,128,704



$

11,230,450











Liabilities and equity









Liabilities:









Unsecured notes payable


$

3,939,425



$

3,828,201


Secured notes payable



486,169




626,397


Accrued expenses and other liabilities



570,014




472,262


Total liabilities



4,995,608




4,926,860











Redeemable common stock



13,841




14,131











Shareholders' equity:









Preferred stock



9




9


Common stock



1,140




1,140


Additional paid-in capital



7,173,391




7,166,073


Accumulated distributions in excess of net income



(1,258,072)




(1,085,479)


Accumulated other comprehensive loss



(12,396)




(13,178)


Total MAA shareholders' equity



5,904,072




6,068,565


Noncontrolling interests - Operating Partnership units



208,072




214,647


Total Company's shareholders' equity



6,112,144




6,283,212


Noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities



7,111




6,247


Total equity



6,119,255




6,289,459


Total liabilities and equity


$

11,128,704



$

11,230,450


 


RECONCILIATION OF FFO, CORE FFO, CORE AFFO AND FAD TO NET INCOME AVAILABLE FOR MAA COMMON SHAREHOLDERS


Amounts in thousands, except per share and unit data


Three months ended
September
 30,



Nine months ended
September
 30,




2020



2019



2020



2019


Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

58,988



$

77,723



$

168,854



$

201,456


Depreciation and amortization of real estate assets



125,916




123,171




376,430




366,704


(Gain) loss on sale of depreciable real estate assets



(20)




(1,000)




7




(987)


Depreciation and amortization of real estate assets of real estate joint venture



153




154




458




465


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests



2,126




2,814




6,096




7,336


Funds from operations attributable to the Company



187,163




202,862




551,845




574,974


(Income) loss on embedded derivative in preferred shares (1)



(1,342)




(15,522)




14,603




(19,592)


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



(1,366)







(995)




(9,260)


Loss (gain) from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net of tax (1)(2)



100




(3,493)




(4,085)




(3,169)


Net casualty loss (gain) and other settlement proceeds (1)



511




(46)




1,207




(1,899)


Loss on debt extinguishment (1)



345




5




344




60


Non-routine legal costs and settlements (1)






1,260




40




2,276


COVID-19 related costs (1)



376







2,983





Mark-to-market debt adjustment (3)



83




(51)




(9)




(222)


Core funds from operations



185,870




185,015




565,933




543,168


Recurring capital expenditures



(19,720)




(21,543)




(59,412)




(58,461)


Core adjusted funds from operations



166,150




163,472




506,521




484,707


Redevelopment capital expenditures



(11,627)




(17,789)




(35,650)




(45,060)


Revenue enhancing capital expenditures



(8,135)




(8,215)




(24,510)




(26,067)


Commercial capital expenditures



(765)




(2,563)




(2,303)




(5,019)


Other capital expenditures



(6,389)




(5,330)




(17,065)




(13,494)


Funds available for distribution


$

139,234



$

129,575



$

426,993



$

395,067



















Dividends and distributions paid


$

118,232



$

113,408



$

354,976



$

340,052



















Weighted average common shares - diluted



114,468




114,137




114,487




114,052


FFO weighted average common shares and units - diluted



118,432




118,151




118,400




118,104



















Earnings per common share - diluted:

















Net income available for common shareholders


$

0.52



$

0.68



$

1.47



$

1.77



















Funds from operations per Share - diluted


$

1.58



$

1.72



$

4.66



$

4.87


Core funds from operations per Share - diluted


$

1.57



$

1.57



$

4.78



$

4.60


Core adjusted funds from operations per Share - diluted


$

1.40



$

1.38



$

4.28



$

4.10




(1) 

Included in Other non-operating (income) expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

(2) 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, $4.8 million of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $0.7 million of income tax expense.  For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, $4.3 million and $4.0 million, respectively, of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $0.8 million of income tax expense. 

(3) 

Included in Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

 

RECONCILIATION OF NET OPERATING INCOME TO NET INCOME AVAILABLE FOR MAA COMMON SHAREHOLDERS


Dollars in thousands


Three Months Ended



Nine Months Ended




September 30,

2020



June 30,

2020



September 30,

2019



September 30,

2020



September 30,

2019


Net Operating Income





















Same Store NOI


$

238,702



$

242,713



$

241,362



$

730,702



$

717,216


Non-Same Store and Other NOI



14,683




12,842




14,731




43,164




43,926


Total NOI



253,385




255,555




256,093




773,866




761,142


Depreciation and amortization



(127,679)




(127,190)




(124,684)




(381,257)




(371,417)


Property management expenses



(12,691)




(11,730)




(13,899)




(39,064)




(41,195)


General and administrative expenses



(11,360)




(10,557)




(10,225)




(35,181)




(32,960)


Interest expense



(41,010)




(42,118)




(44,513)




(126,610)




(136,149)


Gain (loss) on sale of depreciable real estate assets



20




2




1,000




(7)




987


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



1,366




5




-




995




9,260


Other non-operating income (expense)



242




14,643




18,800




(13,647)




23,494


Income tax expense



(665)




(1,200)




(1,491)




(2,532)




(2,814)


Income from real estate joint venture



428




318




378




1,153




1,210


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests



(2,126)




(2,666)




(2,814)




(6,096)




(7,336)


Dividends to MAA Series I preferred shareholders



(922)




(922)




(922)




(2,766)




(2,766)


Net income available for MAA common shareholders


$

58,988



$

74,140



$

77,723



$

168,854



$

201,456


 

RECONCILIATION OF EBITDA, EBITDAre AND ADJUSTED EBITDAre TO NET INCOME


Dollars in thousands


Three Months Ended



Twelve Months Ended




September 30, 2020



September 30, 2019



September 30, 2020



December 31, 2019


Net income


$

62,036



$

81,459



$

332,776



$

366,618


Depreciation and amortization



127,679




124,684




506,683




496,843


Interest expense



41,010




44,513




170,308




179,847


Income tax expense



665




1,491




3,414




3,696


EBITDA



231,390




252,147




1,013,181




1,047,004


Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets



(20)




(1,000)




(79,994)




(80,988)


Adjustments to reflect the Company's share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated affiliates



337




338




1,345




1,351


EBITDAre



231,707




251,485




934,532




967,367


(Gain) loss on embedded derivative in preferred shares (1)



(1,342)




(15,522)




16,309




(17,886)


Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets



(1,366)







(3,782)




(12,047)


Loss (gain) from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net of tax (1)(2)



100




(3,493)




(3,870)




(2,954)


Net casualty loss (gain) and other settlement proceeds (1)



511




(46)




(284)




(3,390)


Loss on debt extinguishment (1)



345




5




537




253


Non-routine legal costs and settlements (1)






1,260




40




2,276


COVID-19 related costs (1)



376







2,983





Mark-to-market debt adjustment (3)



83




(51)




(43)




(256)


Adjusted EBITDAre


$

230,414



$

233,638



$

946,422



$

933,363




(1) 

Included in Other non-operating (income) expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

(2) 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, $4.3 million of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $0.8 million of income tax expenses.  For the twelve months ended September 30, 2020, $4.7 million of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $0.8 million of income tax expense.  For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, $3.9 million of gains from unconsolidated limited partnerships are offset by $0.9 million of income tax expense. 

(3) 

 Included in Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

RECONCILIATION OF NET DEBT TO UNSECURED NOTES PAYABLE AND SECURED NOTES PAYABLE


Dollars in thousands











September 30, 2020



December 31, 2019


Unsecured notes payable


$

3,939,425



$

3,828,201


Secured notes payable



486,169




626,397


Total debt



4,425,594




4,454,598


Cash and cash equivalents



(18,407)




(20,476)


1031(b) exchange proceeds included in Restricted cash (1)






(33,843)


Net Debt


$

4,407,187



$

4,400,279




(1) 

 Included in Restricted cash in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

RECONCILIATION OF GROSS ASSETS TO TOTAL ASSETS


Dollars in thousands











September 30, 2020



December 31, 2019


Total assets


$

11,128,704



$

11,230,450


Accumulated depreciation



3,316,710




2,955,253


Gross Assets


$

14,445,414



$

14,185,703


 

RECONCILIATION OF GROSS REAL ESTATE ASSETS TO REAL ESTATE ASSETS, NET

Dollars in thousands











September 30, 2020



December 31, 2019


Real estate assets, net


$

10,928,375



$

10,987,128


Accumulated depreciation



3,316,710




2,955,253


Cash and cash equivalents



18,407




20,476


1031(b) exchange proceeds included in Restricted cash (1)






33,843


Gross Real Estate Assets


$

14,263,492



$

13,996,700




(1) 

Included in Restricted cash in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

Adjusted EBITDAre
For purposes of calculations in this release, Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization for real estate, or Adjusted EBITDAre, represents EBITDAre further adjusted for items that are not considered part of MAA's core operations such as adjustments related to the fair value of the embedded derivative in the MAA Series I preferred shares, gain or loss on sale of non-depreciable assets, adjustments for gains or losses from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net casualty gain or loss, gain or loss on debt extinguishment, non-routine legal costs and settlements, COVID-19 related costs and mark-to-market debt adjustments.  As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers Adjusted EBITDAre to be an important measure of performance from core operations because Adjusted EBITDAre does not include various income and expense items that are not indicative of operating performance.  MAA's computation of Adjusted EBITDAre may differ from the methodology utilized by other companies to calculate Adjusted EBITDAre.  Adjusted EBITDAre should not be considered as an alternative to Net income as an indicator of operating performance.

Core Adjusted Funds from Operations (Core AFFO)
Core AFFO is composed of Core FFO less recurring capital expenditures. Core AFFO should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance.  As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers Core AFFO to be an important measure of performance from operations because Core AFFO measures the ability to control revenues, expenses and recurring capital expenditures.

Core Funds from Operations (Core FFO)
Core FFO represents FFO as adjusted for items that are not considered part of MAA's core business operations such as adjustments related to the fair value of the embedded derivative in the MAA Series I preferred shares, gain or loss on sale of non-depreciable assets, adjustments for gains or losses from unconsolidated limited partnerships, net casualty gain or loss, gain or loss on debt extinguishment, non-routine legal costs and settlements, COVID-19 related costs and mark-to-market debt adjustments. While MAA's definition of Core FFO may be similar to others in the industry, MAA's methodology for calculating Core FFO may differ from that utilized by other REITs and, accordingly, may not be comparable to such other REITs. Core FFO should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance. MAA believes that Core FFO is helpful in understanding its core operating performance between periods in that it removes certain items that by their nature are not comparable over periods and therefore tend to obscure actual operating performance.

EBITDA
For purposes of calculations in this release, Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization, or EBITDA, is composed of net income plus depreciation and amortization, interest expense, and income taxes.  As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers EBITDA to be an important measure of performance from core operations because EBITDA does not include various expense items that are not indicative of operating performance. EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to Net income as an indicator of operating performance.

EBITDAre
For purposes of calculations in this release, Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization for real estate, or EBITDAre, is composed of EBITDA further adjusted for the gain or loss on sale of depreciable asset sales and plus adjustments to reflect MAA's share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated affiliates.  As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers EBITDAre to be an important measure of performance from core operations because EBITDAre does not include various expense items that are not indicative of operating performance. While MAA's definition of EBITDAre is in accordance with NAREIT's definition, it may differ from the methodology utilized by other companies to calculate EBITDAre. EBITDAre should not be considered as an alternative to Net income as an indicator of operating performance.

Funds Available for Distribution (FAD)
FAD is composed of Core FFO less total capital expenditures, excluding development spending and property acquisitions.  FAD should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance.  As an owner and operator of real estate, MAA considers FAD to be an important measure of performance from core operations because FAD measures the ability to control revenues, expenses and total capital expenditures.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (Continued)

Funds From Operations (FFO)
FFO represents net income available for MAA common shareholders (calculated in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains or losses on disposition of operating properties and asset impairment, plus depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, net income attributable to noncontrolling interests, and adjustments for joint ventures.  Because net income attributable to noncontrolling interests is added back, FFO, when used in this document, represents FFO attributable to the Company.  While MAA's definition of FFO is in accordance with NAREIT's definition, it may differ from the methodology for calculating FFO utilized by other companies and, accordingly, may not be comparable to such other companies.  FFO should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders as an indicator of operating performance.  MAA believes that FFO is helpful in understanding operating performance in that FFO excludes depreciation and amortization of real estate assets.  MAA believes that GAAP historical cost depreciation of real estate assets is generally not correlated with changes in the value of those assets, whose value does not diminish predictably over time, as historical cost depreciation implies.

Gross Assets
Gross Assets represents Total assets plus Accumulated depreciation.  MAA believes that Gross Assets can be used as a helpful tool in evaluating its balance sheet positions.  MAA believes that GAAP historical cost depreciation of real estate assets is generally not correlated with changes in the value of those assets, whose value does not diminish predictably over time, as historical cost depreciation implies.

Gross Real Estate Assets
Gross Real Estate Assets represents Real estate assets, net plus Accumulated depreciation and Cash and cash equivalents.  MAA believes that Gross Real Estate Assets can be used as a helpful tool in evaluating its balance sheet positions.  MAA believes that GAAP historical cost depreciation of real estate assets is generally not correlated with changes in the value of those assets, whose value does not diminish predictably over time, as historical cost depreciation implies.

Net Debt
Net Debt represents Unsecured notes payable and Secured notes payable less Cash and cash equivalents.  MAA believes Net Debt is a helpful tool in evaluating its debt position.

Net Operating Income (NOI)
Net Operating Income represents Rental and other property revenues less Total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization, for all properties held during the period, regardless of their status as held for sale. NOI should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders.  MAA believes NOI by market is a helpful tool in evaluating the operating performance within MAA's markets because it measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance.

Same Store NOI
Same Store NOI represents Rental and other property revenues less Total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization, for all properties classified within the Same Store Portfolio during the period. Same Store NOI should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders.  MAA believes Same Store NOI is a helpful tool in evaluating the operating performance within MAA's markets because it measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance.

Non-Same Store and Other NOI
Non-Same Store and Other NOI represents Rental and other property revenues less Total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization, for all properties classified within the Non-Same Store and Other Portfolio during the period. Non-Same Store and Other NOI should not be considered as an alternative to Net income available for MAA common shareholders.  MAA believes Non-Same Store and Other NOI is a helpful tool in evaluating the operating performance within MAA's markets because it measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance.

OTHER KEY DEFINITIONS

Average Effective Rent per Unit
Average Effective Rent per Unit represents the average of gross rent amounts after the effect of leasing concessions for occupied units plus prevalent market rates asked for unoccupied units, divided by the total number of units. Leasing concessions represent discounts to the current market rate. MAA believes average effective rent is a helpful measurement in evaluating average pricing. It does not represent actual rental revenue collected per unit.

OTHER KEY DEFINITIONS (Continued)

Average Physical Occupancy
Average Physical Occupancy represents the average of the daily physical occupancy for the respective period.

Development Communities
Communities remain identified as development until certificates of occupancy are obtained for all units under development. Once all units are delivered and available for occupancy, the community moves into the Lease-up Communities portfolio.

Lease-up Communities
New acquisitions acquired during lease-up and newly developed communities remain in the Lease-up Communities portfolio until stabilized.  Communities are considered stabilized after achieving at least 90% occupancy for 90 days.

Non-Same Store and Other Portfolio
Non-Same Store and Other Portfolio includes recently acquired communities, communities in development or lease-up, communities that have been identified for disposition, communities that have undergone a significant casualty loss, stabilized communities that do not meet the requirements defined by the Same Store Portfolio, retail properties and commercial properties.

Same Store Portfolio
MAA reviews its Same Store Portfolio at the beginning of each calendar year, or as significant transactions or events warrant. Communities are generally added into the Same Store Portfolio if they were owned and stabilized at the beginning of the previous year.  Communities are considered stabilized after achieving at least 90% occupancy for 90 days. Communities that have been approved by MAA's Board of Directors for disposition are excluded from the Same Store Portfolio.  Communities that have undergone a significant casualty loss are also excluded from the Same Store Portfolio.

Unencumbered NOI
Unencumbered NOI represents NOI generated by unencumbered assets (as defined in MAALP's bond covenants).

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SOURCE MAA